Document Detail

Workplace carcinogen and pesticide exposures in Costa Rica.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12848237     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The CAREX data system converts national workforce volumes and proportions of workers exposed to workplace carcinogens into numbers of exposed in 55 industrial categories. CAREX was adapted for Costa Rica for 27 carcinogens and seven groups of pesticides. Widespread workplace carcinogens in the 1.3 million workforce of Costa Rica are solar radiation (333,000 workers), diesel engine exhaust (278,000), environmental tobacco smoke (71,000), hexavalent chromium compounds (55,000), benzene (52,000), wood dust (32,000), silica dust (27,000), lead and inorganic lead compounds (19,000), and polycyclic aromatic compounds (17,000). The most ubiquitous pesticides were paraquat and diquat (175,000), mancozeb, maneb, and zineb (49,000), chlorothalonil (38,000), benomyl (19,000), and chlorophenoxy herbicides (11,000). Among women, formaldehyde, radon, and methylene chloride overrode pesticides, chromium, wood dust, and silica dust in numbers of exposed. High-risk sectors included agriculture, construction, personal and household services, land and water transport and allied services, pottery and similar industries, woodworks, mining, forestry and logging, fishing, manufacturing of electrical machinery, and bar and restaurant personnel.
Timo Partanen; Jorge Chaves; Catharina Wesseling; Fabio Chaverri; Patricia Monge; Clemens Ruepert; Aurora Aragón; Manolis Kogevinas; Christer Hogstedt; Timo Kauppinen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of occupational and environmental health     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1077-3525     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Occup Environ Health     Publication Date:    2003 Apr-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-07-09     Completed Date:  2003-09-16     Revised Date:  2007-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9505217     Medline TA:  Int J Occup Environ Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  104-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Instituto Regional de Estudios en Sustancias Tóxicas, Facultad de Ciencias de la Tierra y el Mar, Universidad Nacional, Apartado Postal 86, 3000 Heredia, Costa Rica.
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MeSH Terms
Carcinogens / analysis*
Costa Rica / epidemiology
Environmental Monitoring / methods*
Occupational Exposure / analysis*,  statistics & numerical data
Occupational Health / statistics & numerical data
Pesticides / analysis*
Public Health Informatics
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carcinogens; 0/Pesticides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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