Document Detail

Working women are better responders to beta-blocker monotherapy of mild hypertension than men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15754917     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this single-blind study was to compare the efficacy of betaxolol treatment (20 mg/day) on 24-h blood pressure profiles in working men and women with mild hypertension (grade 1 acc. ESH/ESC/JNC 2003), A group of 11 men and 11 women with a mean age 47+/-5 years underwent 24-h blood pressure monitoring after 8 days of placebo and after 20 days of treatment. A significant reduction (p < 0.05) in blood pressure was found for 11 h in men and 15 h in women (systolic) and 9 h in men and 13 h in women (diastolic). There was a tendency for a greater mean reduction in women (9.6/8.0 mmHg in men versus 12.9/7.4 mmHg in women). Diastolic blood pressure variability was significantly reduced in women (9.9 versus 13.1, respectively, p < 0.002) with a tendency for systolic blood pressure variability reduction (13.0 versus 15.1). The smoothness index for systolic blood pressure was higher in women (1.0/0.74 versus 0.64/0.61). A better response for betaxolol treatment 20 mg/day was observed in women in terms of target organ damage: a longer period of significant blood pressure reduction, lower variability and a tendency toward a greater reduction.
R Dabrowski; J Wozniak; I Kowalik; H Szwed
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of clinical pharmacology research     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0251-1649     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Clin Pharmacol Res     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-09     Completed Date:  2005-06-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8110183     Medline TA:  Int J Clin Pharmacol Res     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  123-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
II Ischemic Heart Disease Department, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland.
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MeSH Terms
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists / therapeutic use*
Betaxolol / therapeutic use*
Hypertension / drug therapy*
Middle Aged
Sex Factors
Single-Blind Method
Women, Working*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic beta-Antagonists; 63659-18-7/Betaxolol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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