Document Detail

Working memory development in monolingual and bilingual children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23059128     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Two studies are reported comparing the performance of monolingual and bilingual children on tasks requiring different levels of working memory. In the first study, 56 5-year-olds performed a Simon-type task that manipulated working memory demands by comparing conditions based on two rules and four rules and manipulated conflict resolution demands by comparing conditions that included conflict with those that did not. Bilingual children responded faster than monolinguals on all conditions and bilinguals were more accurate than monolinguals in responding to incongruent trials, confirming an advantage in aspects of executive functioning. In the second study, 125 children 5- or 7-year-olds performed a visuospatial span task that manipulated other executive function components through simultaneous or sequential presentation of items. Bilinguals outperformed monolinguals overall, but again there were larger language group effects in conditions that included more demanding executive function requirements. Together, the studies show an advantage for bilingual children in working memory that is especially evident when the task contains additional executive function demands.
Julia Morales; Alejandra Calvo; Ellen Bialystok
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-10-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of experimental child psychology     Volume:  114     ISSN:  1096-0457     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Child Psychol     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-26     Completed Date:  2013-05-13     Revised Date:  2014-02-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985128R     Medline TA:  J Exp Child Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  187-202     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Color Perception*
Conflict (Psychology)
Executive Function
Functional Laterality*
Memory, Short-Term*
Pattern Recognition, Visual*
Problem Solving
Psychomotor Performance*
Grant Support

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