Document Detail

Work-site physical fitness programs. Comparing the impact of different program designs on cardiovascular risks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8515323     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The relative impact of three different approaches to physical fitness at the work site on cardiovascular risk reduction is examined, based on before/after health screening of employees, and employees' reports of participation in physical exercise activities. The three approaches tested were: 1) a staffed physical fitness facility, 2) one-to-one counseling with at-risk employees, and 3) a combination of one-to-one counseling with employees plus organization of the work site to encourage peer support and mutual exercise activity at work. A fourth site is used as a control site. The program that was centered around a physical fitness facility had little measurable impact on cardiovascular risks, and showed results similar to those at the control site. Both of the other programs were more effective, with the combination of counseling and plant organization providing the best health outcomes in terms of frequency of exercise, adequacy of blood pressure control (among hypertensives), weight loss (among the overweight), and smoking cessation. These results indicate that systematic, ongoing outreach to enlist employees in various types of exercise programs is more effective than the presence of fitness facilities without such outreach. Moreover, significant increases in frequency of exercise can be sustained without a substantial investment in facilities.
M A Heirich; A Foote; J C Erfurt; B Konopka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of occupational medicine. : official publication of the Industrial Medical Association     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0096-1736     ISO Abbreviation:  J Occup Med     Publication Date:  1993 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-07-20     Completed Date:  1993-07-20     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502807     Medline TA:  J Occup Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  510-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109-2054.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control*
Health Education
Health Promotion*
Health Status Indicators
Hypertension / prevention & control
Mass Screening*
Obesity / prevention & control
Occupational Health Services*
Physical Fitness*
Risk Factors
Smoking Cessation
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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