Document Detail

Word recognition during reading: the interaction between lexical repetition and frequency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23283808     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Memory studies utilizing long-term repetition priming have generally demonstrated that priming is greater for low-frequency than for high-frequency words and that this effect persists if words intervene between the prime and the target. In contrast, word-recognition studies utilizing masked short-term repetition priming have typically shown that the magnitude of repetition priming does not differ as a function of word frequency and does not persist across intervening words. We conducted an eyetracking-while-reading experiment to determine which of these patterns more closely resembles the relationship between frequency and repetition during the natural reading of a text. Frequency was manipulated using proper names that were either high-frequency (e.g., Stephen) or low-frequency (e.g., Dominic). The critical name was later repeated in the sentence, or a new name was introduced. First-pass reading times and skipping rates on the critical name revealed robust repetition-by-frequency interactions, such that the magnitude of the repetition-priming effect was greater for low-frequency than for high-frequency names. In contrast, measures of later processing showed effects of repetition that did not depend on lexical frequency. These results are interpreted within a framework that conceptualizes eye-movement control as being influenced in different ways by lexical- and discourse-level factors.
Matthew W Lowder; Wonil Choi; Peter C Gordon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Memory & cognition     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1532-5946     ISO Abbreviation:  Mem Cognit     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-20     Completed Date:  2014-05-06     Revised Date:  2014-07-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0357443     Medline TA:  Mem Cognit     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  738-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Eye Movements / physiology*
Linguistics / methods
Recognition (Psychology) / physiology*
Repetition Priming / physiology*
Young Adult
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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