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Women's preferences for cardiac rehabilitation program model: A randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25452626     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Although cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is effective, women often report programs do not meet their needs. Innovative models have been developed that may better suit women. The objectives of the study were to describe: (1) adherence to CR model allocation; (2) satisfaction by model attended; and (3) CR preferences.
DESIGN AND METHODS: Tertiary objectives from a randomized controlled trial of female patients randomized to mixed-sex, women-only, or home-based CR were tested. Patients were recruited from six hospitals. Consenting participants were asked to complete a survey and undertook a CR intake assessment. Eligible patients were randomized. Participants were mailed a follow-up survey six months later. Adherence to model allocation was ascertained from CR charts.
RESULTS: Overall 169 (18.6%) patients were randomized, of which 116 (68.6%) completed the post-test survey. Forty-five (26.6%) participants did not receive the allocated model, with those referred to home-based CR least likely to attend the allocated model (n = 25; 45.4%). Semi-structured interviews revealed participants also often switched from women-only to mixed-sex CR due to time conflicts. Satisfaction was high across all models (mean = 4.23 ± 1.16/5; p = 0.85) but participants in the women-only program felt significantly more comfortable in their workout attire (p = 0.003) and perceived the environment as less competitive (p = 0.02). Patients equally preferred mixed-sex (n = 44, 41.9%) and women-only (n = 44, 41.9%) CR, over home-based (n = 17, 16.2%), with patients preferring the model they attended.
CONCLUSION: Females were highly satisfied regardless of CR model attended but preferred supervised programs most. Patient preference and session timing should be considered in program model allocation decisions.
Authors:
Christine Andraos; Heather M Arthur; Paul Oh; Caroline Chessex; Stephanie Brister; Sherry L Grace
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of preventive cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2047-4881     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Prev Cardiol     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101564430     Medline TA:  Eur J Prev Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© The European Society of Cardiology 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.
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