Document Detail

Women with nausea and vomiting in pregnancy demonstrate worse health and are adversely affected by odours.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16234137     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objectives of this study were (1) to determine aversive stimuli that are related to nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (NVP); (2) to determine food and fluid intake in early pregnancy; and (3) to explore relationships between aversive stimuli and health measures. A total of 273 women in an antenatal setting completed a questionnaire survey, incorporating the Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy Instrument (NVPI); the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ); measures of perceived mood and illness; food and fluid intake; and open-ended questions relating to perceived aversive and helpful stimuli. Data was subjected to quantitative and qualitative analysis. A total of 57% of women reported aversive stimuli. Of these, the primary sense implicated was olfaction, with 72% reporting food smells. A number of women were affected by the odours of drinks (26%) and other products (31%). Women who were adversely affected by odours had higher severities of NVP, perceived illness and psychopathology scores on the GHQ. In conclusion, odour appears to be an important stimulus related to NVP, with perceived aversive smells related to the severity of nausea. Women severely affected by NVP demonstrated worse health. The role of olfaction in pregnancy and specifically in sufferers of severe NVP should be evaluated further.
B L Swallow; S W Lindow; E A Masson; D M Hay
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0144-3615     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynaecol     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-19     Completed Date:  2005-12-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309140     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynaecol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  544-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool, Lincoln LN6 7TS, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Health Status*
Nausea / physiopathology*
Pregnancy Complications / physiopathology*
Vomiting / physiopathology*

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