Document Detail

Wistar-Kyoto and spontaneously hypertensive rat blood pressure after embryo transfer into different wombs and cross-suckling.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20864459     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Blood pressure (BP) varies based on genetic and environmental factors. To test genetic and environmental influences on body weight (BW) and BP, one-cell homozygous embryos were transferred into spontaneously hypertensive (SHR, pup:shr) or (Wistar-Kyoto normotensive [WKY], pup:wky) normotensive rats' oviducts (embryos: s,w; oviduct-uterine: S,W), cross-suckled at birth (nurses S,W) and weaned to normal diets at day-21. BP at day-120 was measured by radiotelemetry and analyzed by methods of linear least square rhythmometry and analysis of variance. Genetics dominantly affected shr BP, causing it to be significantly higher at birth (24.6 ± 1.8 in sS versus 21.8 ± 1.7 mmHg in wW, P < 0.005), and at day-120 (198 ± 0.5 in sSS versus 127 ± 0.2 mmHg in wWW, P < 0.001), with lower BW than those of wky (5.3 ± 0.2 versus 5.7 ± 0.2 g at birth, 332 ± 5 versus 404 ± 6 g at day-120, both P < 0.001). Surprisingly, uterine-suckling milieus lowered shr BP significantly at day-120 (198 ± 0.5 in sSS versus 178 ± 0.5, 147 ± 0.6, 179 ± 0.5 mmHg in sSW, sWS, sWW, respectively, all P < 0.01). BP was slightly elevated when wky-genetics were implanted into the S-uterine by 4 mmHg (wSW, P < 0.05), whereas implanting shr embryos into the W-uterine environment (sWS) lowered BP by 51 mmHg (P < 0.001). In summary, the hypertensive shr-strain showed significantly lower BP when provided with an WKY-uterine environment and/or by WKY-nursing mothers, indicating that environment can modify genetic influences; yet the shr MESORs (rhythm-adjusted 24-h mean: midline estimating statistic of rhythm) lowered by WKY environments remained above MESORs encountered in wky-donors.
Jong Y Lee; Silvia H Azar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2010-09-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.)     Volume:  235     ISSN:  1535-3699     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp. Biol. Med. (Maywood)     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-26     Completed Date:  2010-12-03     Revised Date:  2011-03-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100973463     Medline TA:  Exp Biol Med (Maywood)     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1375-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, P.O. Box 14945, Minneapolis, MN 55414, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / genetics*
Body Weight / genetics
Embryo Transfer*
Hypertension / etiology,  genetics*
Maternal-Fetal Exchange
Rats, Inbred SHR
Rats, Inbred WKY
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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