Document Detail

William Osler, Maude Abbott, Paul Dudley White, and Helen Taussig: the origins of congenital heart disease in North America.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18256558     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In 1965, Helen Taussig traced the evolution of knowledge of congenital heart disease (CHD) during the 20th century, beginning with the William Osler-Maude Abbott lineage at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. Osler encouraged Abbott in her CHD pathologic observations. Abbott's London Exhibit (1934) preceded her classic text Atlas of Congenital Cardiac Disease (1936). Taussig's friendship with Abbott (1935) began in Boston; Abbott brought Taussig to meet Paul Dudley White whose text Heart Disease (1931) featured Abbott's work. Taussig visited Abbott (Montreal 1938). Abbott's statistical approach was based on post-mortem malformations; Taussig's concern was why CHD babies died. Abbott (1927) suggested surgery for a patent ductus arteriosus; Taussig conceived of creating a patent ductus arteriosus shunt to improve lung blood flow in cyanotic "blue babies". Surgeon Alfred Blalock and Taussig collaborated with the blue baby shunt operations (1944-1945), opening the field of cardiac surgery in cyanotic babies. Taussig's Congenital Malformations of the Heart text came 2 years later. Sequential contributions by Osler, Abbott, White, and Taussig were landmarks in the evolution of knowledge of CHD in North America.
Charles F Wooley; Pamela J Miller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American heart hospital journal     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1541-9215     ISO Abbreviation:  Am Heart Hosp J     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-07     Completed Date:  2008-03-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101156064     Medline TA:  Am Heart Hosp J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  51-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Heart Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Heart Defects, Congenital / etiology*,  history,  pathology,  surgery
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
North America
Personal Name Subject
Personal Name Subject:
William Osler; Maude Abbott; Paul Dudley White; Helen Taussig

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