Document Detail


Widening and High Inclination of the Middle Cerebral Artery Bifurcation Are Associated With Presence of Aneurysms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25116869     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The middle cerebral artery (MCA) bifurcation is a preferred site for aneurysm formation. Wider bifurcation angles have been correlated with increased risk of aneurysm formation. We hypothesized a link between the presence of MCA aneurysms and the angle morphology of the bifurcation.
METHODS: Three-dimensional rotational angiography volumes of 146 MCA bifurcations (62 aneurysmal) were evaluated for angle morphology: parent-daughter angles (larger daughter Ф1, smaller daughter Ф2), bifurcation angle (Ф1+Ф2), and inclination angle (γ) between the parent vessel axis and the plane determined by daughter vessel axes. Statistics were evaluated using Wilcoxon rank-sum analysis and area under the receiver operator characteristic curve.
RESULTS: Aneurysmal bifurcations had wider inclination angle γ (median 57.8° versus 15.4°; P<0.0001). Seventy-five percent of aneurysmal MCAs had γ >10°, compared with 25% nonaneurysmal. Ф1 and Ф2, but especially Ф1+Ф2, were significantly larger in aneurysmal bifurcations (median 171.3° versus 98.1°; P<0.0001). Sixty-seven percent of aneurysmal bifurcations had Ф1+Ф2 >161°, compared with 0% nonaneurysmal MCAs. An optimal threshold of 140° was established for Ф1+Ф2 (area under the curve, 0.98). Sixty-eight percent of aneurysms originated off the daughter branches. Seventy-six percent of them originated off the branch with the largest branching angle, specifically if this was the smaller daughter branch. Wider Ф1+Ф2 correlated with aneurysm neck width, but not dome size.
CONCLUSIONS: MCA bifurcations harboring aneurysms have significantly larger branching angles and more often originate off the branch with the largest angle. Wider inclination angle is strongly correlated with aneurysm presence, a novel finding. The results point to altered wall shear stress regulation as a possible factor in aneurysm development and progression.
Authors:
Merih I Baharoglu; Alexandra Lauric; Mina G Safain; James Hippelheuser; Chengyuan Wu; Adel M Malek
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1524-4628     ISO Abbreviation:  Stroke     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0235266     Medline TA:  Stroke     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.
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