Document Detail


Why kin and group selection models may not be enough to explain human other-regarding behaviour.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16769087     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Models of kin or group selection usually feature only one possible fitness transfer. The phenotypes are either to make this transfer or not to make it and for any given fitness transfer, Hamilton's rule predicts which of the two phenotypes will spread. In this article we allow for the possibility that different individuals or different generations face similar, but not necessarily identical possibilities for fitness transfers. In this setting, phenotypes are preference relations, which concisely specify behaviour for a range of possible fitness transfers (rather than being a specification for only one particular situation an animal or human can be in). For this more general set-up, we find that only preference relations that are linear in fitnesses can be explained using models of kin selection and that the same applies to a large class of group selection models. This provides a new implication of hierarchical selection models that could in principle falsify them, even if relatedness--or a parameter for assortativeness--is unknown. The empirical evidence for humans suggests that hierarchical selection models alone are not enough to explain their other-regarding or altruistic behaviour.
Authors:
Matthijs van Veelen
Related Documents :
6777247 - The influence of sexual and larval selection on the maintenance of polymorphism at the ...
11082227 - Mechanisms for the formation and maintenance of traditional night roost aggregations in...
16212997 - Decision-making in variable environments-- a case of group selection and inter-generati...
18573097 - Inevitable evolution: back to the origin and beyond the 20th century paradigm of contin...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of theoretical biology     Volume:  242     ISSN:  0022-5193     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Theor. Biol.     Publication Date:  2006 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-12     Completed Date:  2007-06-29     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376342     Medline TA:  J Theor Biol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  790-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
CREED, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 11, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands. C.M.vanVeelen@uva.nl
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Altruism*
Family*
Humans
Models, Genetic*
Phenotype
Selection, Genetic*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Taste in dementing diseases and parkinsonism.
Next Document:  Different DNA repair strategies to combat the threat from 8-oxoguanine.