Document Detail

Why do people need self-esteem? Converging evidence that self-esteem serves an anxiety-buffering function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1460559     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Three studies were conducted to assess the proposition that self-esteem serves an anxiety-buffering function. In Study 1, it was hypothesized that raising self-esteem would reduce anxiety in response to vivid images of death. In support of this hypothesis, Ss who received positive personality feedback reported less anxiety in response to a video about death than did neutral feedback Ss. In Studies 2 and 3, it was hypothesized that increasing self-esteem would reduce anxiety among individuals anticipating painful shock. Consistent with this hypothesis, both success and positive personality feedback reduced Ss' physiological arousal in response to subsequent threat of shock. Thus, converging evidence of an anxiety-buffering function of self-esteem was obtained.
J Greenberg; S Solomon; T Pyszczynski; A Rosenblatt; J Burling; D Lyon; L Simon; E Pinel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality and social psychology     Volume:  63     ISSN:  0022-3514     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Publication Date:  1992 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-01-12     Completed Date:  1993-01-12     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014171     Medline TA:  J Pers Soc Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  913-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological*
Anxiety / psychology*
Attitude to Death
Internal-External Control
Personality Development
Self Concept*

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