Document Detail

Why the dim light melatonin onset (DLMO) should be measured before treatment of patients with circadian rhythm sleep disorders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24388969     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Treatment of circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSD) may include light therapy, chronotherapy and melatonin. Exogenous melatonin is increasingly being used in patients with insomnia or CRSD. Although pharmacopoeias and the European food safety authority (EFSA) recommend administering melatonin 1-2 h before desired bedtime, several studies have shown that melatonin is not always effective if administered according to that recommendation. Crucial for optimal treatment of CRSD, melatonin and other treatments should be administered at a time related to individual circadian timing (typically assessed using the dim light melatonin onset (DLMO)). If not administered according to the individual patient's circadian timing, melatonin and other treatments may not only be ineffective, they may even result in contrary effects. Endogenous melatonin levels can be measured reliably in saliva collected at the patient's home. A clinically reliably DLMO can be calculated using a fixed threshold. Diary and polysomnographic sleep-onset time do not reliably predict DLMO or circadian timing in patients with CRSD. Knowing the patient's individual circadian timing by assessing DLMO can improve diagnosis and treatment of CRSD with melatonin as well as other therapies such as light or chronotherapy, and optimizing treatment timing will shorten the time required to achieve results.
Henry Keijzer; Marcel G Smits; Jeanne F Duffy; Leopold M G Curfs
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-12-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sleep medicine reviews     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2955     ISO Abbreviation:  Sleep Med Rev     Publication Date:  2013 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-1-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9804678     Medline TA:  Sleep Med Rev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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