Document Detail


Why newborn screening for severe combined immunodeficiency is essential: a case report.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20603253     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Physicians caring for infants in the first months of life need to know the normal ranges for absolute lymphocyte counts (ALCs) during that age. Any ALC <2500/microL is potentially pathogenic in early infancy and should be evaluated. We report the case of a 4-month-old white girl with a 2-month history of an oral ulcer, intermittent fever, recurrent otitis, decreased appetite, weight loss, and a new respiratory illness with hypoxemia. She had been in an in-home day care since birth. The patient's primary care physician had seen her frequently and obtained blood counts, but her persistent lymphopenia had not been appreciated. The infant was ultimately diagnosed with T(-)B(-)NK(+) (lacking both B and T lymphocytes and having primarily natural killer [NK] cells), recombinase-activating gene 2 (RAG2)-deficient severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). However, because she had already developed 2 difficult-to-treat viral infections (parainfluenza 3 and adenovirus), she did not survive long enough to receive a bone marrow transplant. Newborn screening would not only have made the diagnosis at birth but would have led to measures to protect her from becoming infected before she could receive a transplant. Newborn screening would also reveal the true incidence of SCID and define the range of conditions characterized by severely impaired T-cell development. Until screening for SCID and other T-cell defects becomes available for all neonates (either by quantifying T-cell receptor excision circles in Guthrie spots or using other tests that quantify T cells), all pediatricians should know the normal range for ALCs according to age. Recognition of the characteristic lymphopenia of SCID can facilitate early diagnosis.
Authors:
Mehdi M Adeli; Rebecca H Buckley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2010-07-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  126     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-03     Completed Date:  2010-09-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e465-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center,Durham, North Carolina, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
B-Lymphocytes / physiology
DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Killer Cells, Natural / physiology
Lymphocyte Count
Neonatal Screening*
Nuclear Proteins / genetics
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency / diagnosis*,  genetics,  physiopathology
T-Lymphocytes / physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA-Binding Proteins; 0/Nuclear Proteins; 0/RAG2 protein, human

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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