Document Detail

Wholeness and primary and secondary food structure effects on in vitro digestion patterns determine nutritionally distinct carbohydrate fractions in cereal foods.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22953946     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Starchy foods of differing structure, including bakery products, breakfast cereals, pastas, and pulses were digested in vitro. Bakery products and processed breakfast cereals with little resilient structure yielded large amounts of rapidly available carbohydrate (RAC), less slowly digested starch (SDS) and little inaccessible digestible starch (IDS) (70:22:8%). Partially processed grains, such as rolled oats contained an increased proportion of SDS (55:38:7%). Pastas, being dense starch structures digested more gradually to completion by superficial erosion, yielding approximately equal proportions of RAC and SDS but little IDS (43:52:4%). Pulses, which retained their cellular morphology, digested more linearly yielding a lower proportion of RAC, a larger proportion of SDS and more IDS (9:69:22%). Preservation of native "primary" structure, and use of processing to create "secondary" structure, are both means by which wholeness, in the sense of intactness, can be used to influence carbohydrate digestion to make foods of lower glycaemic impact.
Suman Mishra; John Monro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-07-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food chemistry     Volume:  135     ISSN:  0308-8146     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Chem     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7702639     Medline TA:  Food Chem     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1968-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Food Industry Science Centre, New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
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