Document Detail


Whole and part practice: a meta-analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20038005     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Motor learning textbooks provide specific recommendations for the use of whole and part practice during motor skill acquisition. Magill recommended basing decisions on Naylor and Briggs' hypothesis of task complexity and organization, while Schmidt and Wrisberg recommended basing decisions on skill classification. To evaluate the accuracy of these recommendations, a meta-analysis was conducted. Through a literature search, 44 articles were located, and 20 provided sufficient information to calculate effect sizes. Effect sizes were calculated using means for whole and part practice for acquisition and retention. Although several analyses were compromised by insufficient studies investigating whole and part practice, mean effect sizes generally supported motor learning textbooks. To better verify the empirical validity of recommendations for the use of whole and part practice, more studies are necessary.
Authors:
Fabio E Fontana; Oldemar Mazzardo; Ovande Furtado; Jere D Gallagher
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Meta-Analysis    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perceptual and motor skills     Volume:  109     ISSN:  0031-5125     ISO Abbreviation:  Percept Mot Skills     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-29     Completed Date:  2010-02-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401131     Medline TA:  Percept Mot Skills     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  517-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Northern Iowa, Health, Physical Education & Leisure Services, 203 Wellness/Recreation Center, Cedar Falls, IA 50614-0241, USA. fabio.fontana@uni.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Humans
Imagination / physiology
Motor Skills / physiology*
Practice (Psychology)*
Retention (Psychology) / physiology*
Task Performance and Analysis

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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