Document Detail


Whole-grain foods do not affect insulin sensitivity or markers of lipid peroxidation and inflammation in healthy, moderately overweight subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17513398     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
High intakes of whole grain foods are inversely related to the incidence of coronary heart diseases and type 2 diabetes, but the mechanisms remain unclear. Our study aimed to evaluate the effects of a diet rich in whole grains compared with a diet containing the same amount of refined grains on insulin sensitivity and markers of lipid peroxidation and inflammation. In a randomized crossover study, 22 women and 8 men (BMI 28 +/- 2) were given either whole-grain or refined-grain products (3 bread slices, 2 crisp bread slices, 1 portion muesli, and 1 portion pasta) to include in their habitual daily diet for two 6-wk periods. Peripheral insulin sensitivity was determined by euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp tests. 8-Iso-prostaglandin F(2alpha) (8-iso PGF(2alpha)), an F(2)-isoprostane, was measured in the urine as a marker of lipid peroxidation, and highly sensitive C-reactive protein and IL-6 were analyzed in plasma as markers of inflammation. Peripheral insulin sensitivity [mg glucose . kg body wt(-1) . min(-1) per unit plasma insulin (mU/L) x 100] did not improve when subjects consumed whole-grain products (6.8 +/- 3.0 at baseline and 6.5 +/- 2.7 after 6 wk) or refined products (6.4 +/- 2.9 and 6.9 +/- 3.2, respectively) and there were no differences between the 2 periods. Whole-grain consumption also did not affect 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) in urine, IL-6 and C-reactive protein in plasma, blood pressure, or serum lipid concentrations. In conclusion, substitution of whole grains (mainly based on milled wheat) for refined-grain products in the habitual daily diet of healthy moderately overweight adults for 6-wk did not affect insulin sensitivity or markers of lipid peroxidation and inflammation.
Authors:
Agneta Andersson; Siv Tengblad; Brita Karlström; Afaf Kamal-Eldin; Rikard Landberg; Samar Basu; Per Aman; Bengt Vessby
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  137     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2007 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-05-21     Completed Date:  2007-06-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1401-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. agneta.andersson@pubcare.uu.se
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Body Mass Index
Cereals*
Cross-Over Studies
Diet
Dinoprost / analogs & derivatives*,  urine
Female
Humans
Inflammation / blood,  urine
Insulin / blood*
Interleukin-6 / blood*
Lipids / blood*
Male
Middle Aged
Overweight
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Interleukin-6; 0/Lipids; 11061-68-0/Insulin; 27415-26-5/8-epi-prostaglandin F2alpha; 551-11-1/Dinoprost

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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