Document Detail

Whole cow's milk in infancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20019947     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Early introduction of whole cow's milk may lead to iron deficiency anemia. From a nutritional point of view, it is best to delay the introduction of whole cow's milk until the infant is one year old. While there is no evidence to suggest adverse clinical sequelae associated with the increased renal solute load in healthy infants, feeding with whole cow's milk would narrow the margin of safety in situations that may lead to dehydration. Early exposure to cow's milk proteins increases the risk of developing allergy to milk proteins. Because of the possible association between early exposure to cow's milk proteins and risk for type 1 diabetes mellitus, breast-feeding and avoidance of commercially available cow's milk and products containing intact cow's milk protein during the first year of life are strongly encouraged in families with a strong history of insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. The authors suggest that the optimal food in infancy is human breast milk. If human milk is not available, it is preferred that iron-fortified formulas rather than whole cow's milk be used during the first year of life.
Alexander Kc Leung; Reginald S Sauve
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Paediatrics & child health     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1918-1485     ISO Abbreviation:  Paediatr Child Health     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815960     Medline TA:  Paediatr Child Health     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  419-21     Citation Subset:  -    
Deparment of Paediatrics, University of Calgary and the Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, Alberta.
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