Document Detail

Whole-brain perfusion CT performed with a prototype 256-detector row CT system: initial experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19092094     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To preliminarily evaluate the feasibility and potential diagnostic utility of whole-brain perfusion computed tomography (CT) performed with a prototype 256-detector row CT system over an extended range covering the entire brain to assess ischemic cerebrovascular disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained. Eleven cases in 10 subjects (six men, four women; mean age, 64.3 years) with intra- or extracranial stenosis were retrospectively evaluated with whole-brain perfusion CT. Three readers independently evaluated perfusion CT data. The diagnostic performance of perfusion CT was visually evaluated with a three-point scale used to assess three factors. Differences between four axial perfusion CT images obtained at the basal ganglia level (hereafter, four-section images) and whole-brain perfusion CT images were assessed with the paired t test. In four subjects, the interval between perfusion CT and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was 1-17 days (mean, 10.3 days). Correlation between perfusion CT findings and SPECT findings was assessed with the Spearman correlation coefficient. RESULTS: Three-dimensional perfusion CT images and axial, coronal, and sagittal whole-brain perfusion CT images were displayed, and the extent of ischemia was assessed. Mean visual evaluation scores were significantly higher for whole-brain images than for four-section images (4.27 +/- 0.76 [standard deviation] vs 2.55 +/- 0.87). The cerebral blood flow ratios of the ischemic lesions relative to normal regions scanned with perfusion CT (x) and SPECT (y) showed a significant positive correlation (R(2) = 0.76, y = 0.44 x + 0.37, P < .001). CONCLUSION: Perfusion CT performed with a 256-detector row CT system can be used to assess the entire brain with administration of one contrast medium bolus. Thus, ischemic regions can be identified with one examination, which has the potential to improve diagnostic utility.
Kazuhiro Murayama; Kazuhiro Katada; Masato Nakane; Hiroshi Toyama; Hirofumi Anno; Motoharu Hayakawa; Diego San Millan Ruiz; Kieran J Murphy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Radiology     Volume:  250     ISSN:  1527-1315     ISO Abbreviation:  Radiology     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-18     Completed Date:  2009-01-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401260     Medline TA:  Radiology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  202-11     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) RSNA, 2009.
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Radiological Technology, School of Health Sciences, Fujita Health University, Toyoake, Aichi 470-1192, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Brain / blood supply
Brain Ischemia / radiography*
Cerebral Angiography / instrumentation*
Dominance, Cerebral / physiology
Feasibility Studies
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation*
Imaging, Three-Dimensional / instrumentation*
Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery / drug therapy,  radiography
Intracranial Arteriosclerosis / drug therapy,  radiography
Intracranial Embolism / drug therapy,  radiography
Middle Aged
Regional Blood Flow / physiology
Sensitivity and Specificity
Statistics as Topic
Thrombolytic Therapy
Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
Tomography, X-Ray Computed / instrumentation*

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