Document Detail


Whole-blood fibrinolytic activity in normal and hypertensive pregnancies and its relation to the placental concentration of urokinase inhibitor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  426017     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Whole-blood fibrinolytic activity was measured in 68 pregnant and 29 nonpregnant women with a sensitive, solid-state assay in which 125I-labeled fibrin was bound to polystyrene tubes. Antepartum fibrinolytic activity in 36 normotensive gravid women [234.5 +/- 29.2 (mean +/- standard error of the mean) ng fibrin lysed/30 min] was significantly (p less than 0.001) greater than that found in 28 nonpregnant normotensive women not taking oral contraceptives (63.61 +/- 7.66 ng fibrin lysed/30 min) and not different from the activity observed during the active phase of labor (198.50 +/- 16.5 ng fibrin lysed/30 min.) Normotensive pregnant patients had a significant (p less than 0.001) increase in whole-blood fibrinolytic activity (341.04 +/- 25.7 ng fibrin lysed/30 min) within the first 24 hours after delivery which persisted in measurements taken the second postpartum day. Fibrinolytic activity values before labor, in the active phase of labor, and in the first and second postpartum days in 17 patients with mild to moderate pregnancy-induced or pregd or pregnancy-aggravated hypertension were not different from those found in the normotensive group. However, patients with severe pregnancy-induced or pregnancy-aggravated hypertension had significantly (p less than 0.01) lower levels of fibrinolytic activity than normotensive patients before labor, during the active phase of labor, and on the first and second postpartum days. The placental 800 X g and 110,000 X g fractions of patients with severe hypertension had a significantly (p less than 0.001) greater capacity to inhibit "in vitro" urokinase-induced fibrinolysis than similar fractions obtained from placentas of normotensive women, and there was a significant inverse correlation (r = 0.61; p less than 0.01) between whole-blood fibrinolytic activity and urokinase inhibition by placental fractions. Our findings indicate that contrary to widely held views, fibrinolysis is extremely active in term pregnancies and during labor and that a derangement of this activity is present in cases of severe pregnancy-induced or pregnancy-aggravated hypertension.
Authors:
F Arias; G Andrinopoulos; J Zamora
Related Documents :
21429077 - Recurrence risk of hyperemesis gravidarum.
401017 - Effect of hydroxy-vitamin d3 derivatives on 45ca release from rat fetal bones in vitro.
1955557 - Isolation from human placental extracts of a preparation possessing 'early pregnancy fa...
7426407 - Sex-linked ichthyosis and placental sulphatase c deficiency.
11429497 - The management of urinary calculi in pregnancy.
24624087 - Echinacea and elderberry-should they be used against upper respiratory tract infections...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; In Vitro; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  133     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  1979 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-05-23     Completed Date:  1979-05-23     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  624-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Female
Fibrin / diagnostic use
Fibrinolysis* / drug effects
Humans
Hypertension / blood*
Iodine Radioisotopes
Isotope Labeling
Labor, Obstetric
Placental Extracts / pharmacology*
Postpartum Period
Pregnancy*
Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular / blood*
Pregnancy Trimester, Third
Protease Inhibitors*
Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator / antagonists & inhibitors*,  pharmacology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Iodine Radioisotopes; 0/Placental Extracts; 0/Protease Inhibitors; 9001-31-4/Fibrin; EC 3.4.21.73/Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Thyroxine uptake and metabolism by fetal sheep after intra-amniotic thyroxine injection.
Next Document:  Effect of dopamine on hypotension induced by spinal anesthesia.