Document Detail


Who underreports smoking on birth records: a Monte Carlo predictive model with validation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22545091     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that self-reports of smoking during pregnancy may underestimate true prevalence. However, little is known about which populations have higher rates of underreporting. Availability of more accurate measures of smoking during pregnancy could greatly enhance the usefulness of existing studies on the effects of maternal smoking offspring, especially in those populations where underreporting may lead to underestimation of the impact of smoking during pregnancy.
METHODS AND FINDINGS: In this paper, we develop a statistical Monte Carlo model to estimate patterns of underreporting of smoking during pregnancy, and apply it to analyze the smoking self-report data from birth certificates in the state of Massachusetts. Our results illustrate non-uniform patterns of underreporting of smoking during pregnancy among different populations. Estimates of likely underreporting of smoking during pregnancy were highest among mothers who were college-educated, married, aged 30 years or older, employed full-time, and planning to breastfeed. The model's findings are validated and compared to an existing underreporting adjustment approach in the Maternal and Infant Smoking Study of East Boston (MISSEB).
CONCLUSIONS: The validation results show that when biological assays are not available, the Monte Carlo method proposed can provide a more accurate estimate of the smoking status during pregnancy than self-reports alone. Such methods hold promise for providing a better assessment of the impact of smoking during pregnancy.
Authors:
Thomas G Land; Anna S Landau; Susan E Manning; Jane K Purtill; Kate Pickett; Lauren Wakschlag; Vanja M Dukic
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-04-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  PloS one     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1932-6203     ISO Abbreviation:  PLoS ONE     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-30     Completed Date:  2012-08-27     Revised Date:  2014-03-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101285081     Medline TA:  PLoS One     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e34853     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Birth Certificates
Female
Humans
Massachusetts / epidemiology
Models, Statistical
Monte Carlo Method
Mothers / education
Pregnancy
Prevalence
Smoking / epidemiology*
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
CSA/03/07/014//Department of Health; R01DA15223/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R21DA027624-01/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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