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Who needs admission among infants with acute otitis media?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22107109     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Aim:  Management of acute otitis media (AOM) in infants younger than 2 months old is controversial. It varies between treatment on an outside basis, and hospitalization for intravenous antibiotics and sepsis work-up based on variability of the reported AOM pathogens in this particular group. Our aim is to identify clinical indicators that may suggest a need for an invasive medical work-up and/or hospitalization of these young patients, and compare their management to that of older infants. Methods:  Retrospective chart review. Admitted infants with AOM and a random sample of infants presenting to the emergency room with AOM over a 20-year period. Infants younger than 2 months were designated as 'young infants', and those older as 'older infants'. Demographic data, relevant history, physical examination, laboratory studies and treatment were reviewed. Results:  Twenty-nine admitted infants were included (13 young infants). A sample of 58 outpatients was studied, including two young infants. Compared to older inpatient infants, admitted young infants were less febrile (P < 0.05), had more benign white cell count (P < 0.05) but had more otorrhea (P < 0.05). These grew gram-negative organisms. Sepsis work-up was negative. Young infants were more likely to be admitted (P < 0.05). Admitted older infants had more otorrhea than outpatients (P < 0.05) or a complication (P < 0.05). Conclusions:  Young infants often need admission for intravenous antibiotics, until middle ear culture is out. Sepsis work-up may be necessary only in toxic patients. Older infants need admission when severely ill or have a complication.
Mohamed A Bitar; Rami Baz; Omar Sabra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of paediatrics and child health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1440-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005421     Medline TA:  J Paediatr Child Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2011 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).
Departments of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, American University of Beirut School of Medicine and Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.
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