Document Detail

Who can communicate with whom? Language experience affects infants' evaluation of others as monolingual or multilingual.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25460391     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Adults recognize that people can understand more than one language. However, it is unclear whether infants assume other people understand one or multiple languages. We examined whether monolingual and bilingual 20-month-olds expect an unfamiliar person to understand one or more than one language. Two speakers told a listener the location of a hidden object using either the same or two different languages. When different languages were spoken, monolinguals looked longer when the listener searched correctly, bilinguals did not; when the same language was spoken, both groups looked longer for incorrect searches. Infants rely on their prior language experience when evaluating the language abilities of a novel individual. Monolingual infants assume others can understand only one language, although not necessarily the infants' own; bilinguals do not. Infants' assumptions about which community of conventions people belong to may allow them to recognize effective communicative partners and thus opportunities to acquire language, knowledge, and culture.
Casey E Pitts; Kristine H Onishi; Athena Vouloumanos
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-11-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cognition     Volume:  134     ISSN:  1873-7838     ISO Abbreviation:  Cognition     Publication Date:  2015 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367541     Medline TA:  Cognition     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  185-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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