Document Detail


White specks in the esophageal mucosa: An endoscopic manifestation of non-reflux eosinophilic esophagitis in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15173797     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: White specks in the esophageal mucosa have been observed in children with eosinophilic esophagitis. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between white specks in the esophageal mucosa and allergic (non-reflux) eosinophilic esophagitis. METHODS: Endoscopic data, pH probe results, and histopathology reports for children with esophageal endoscopic abnormalities seen during a 17-month period were reviewed. Eosinophilic esophagitis was grouped according to the number of eosinophils per high power field (non-allergic, <15 eosinophils/high power field; allergic, > or =15 eosinophils/high power field). RESULTS: Of 1041 endoscopies performed during the study period, 153 revealed evidence of eosinophilic esophagitis. Of these 153, 61 had fewer than 15 eosinophils/high power field and 92 had 15 or more eosinophils/high power field. At 31 of the 153 procedures, white specks were noted in the esophageal mucosa. The sensitivity of white specks in the esophageal mucosa for allergic eosinophilic esophagitis was only 30%, but the specificity was 95%. pH probe testing was performed in 21 patients with white specks and was normal in all. CONCLUSIONS: This report describes a new endoscopic finding associated with allergic eosinophilic esophagitis in children. Eosinophilic esophagitis tends to be severe when white specks are present (> or =15 eosinophils/high power field) and is not associated with pathologic gastroesophageal reflux, as demonstrated by pH probe testing.
Authors:
Joel R Lim; Sandeep K Gupta; Joseph M Croffie; Marian D Pfefferkorn; Jean P Molleston; Mark R Corkins; Mary M Davis; Philip P Faught; Steven J Steiner; Joseph F Fitzgerald
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gastrointestinal endoscopy     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0016-5107     ISO Abbreviation:  Gastrointest. Endosc.     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-02     Completed Date:  2004-09-14     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0010505     Medline TA:  Gastrointest Endosc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  835-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Pediatric, Gastroenterology/Hepatology/Nutrition, Division of Pediatric Pathology, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202-5225, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Biopsy
Child
Child, Preschool
Dermatitis, Contact
Eosinophils / pathology*
Esophagitis / diagnosis*,  etiology,  metabolism,  pathology
Esophagoscopy*
Esophagus / metabolism,  pathology*
Female
Humans
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Hypersensitivity / complications
Infant
Male
Monitoring, Physiologic
Mucous Membrane / pathology
Predictive Value of Tests

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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