Document Detail

Whiplash and temporomandibular joint dysfunction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9120344     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This article examines the relationship between Temporomandibular joint dysfunction and rear-end (whiplash) motor vehicle accidents. The clinical and statistical evidence relating TMJ damage to whiplash is reviewed. The sequence of events regarding the head, neck and jaw movements which occur in these accidents is considered. The jaw movements are discussed in detail. An analysis of the forces resulting from these movements indicates that tensile, compressive and shear forces occur which challenge the integrity of the soft tissues of the Temporomandibular joint. An overview of the mechanisms whereby damage may occur is considered. A more detailed analysis of these mechanisms will be dealt with in further articles, to evaluate the precise magnitude and direction of forces in all phases of the accident.
C Brady; D Taylor; M O'Brien
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Irish Dental Association     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0021-1133     ISO Abbreviation:  J Ir Dent Assoc     Publication Date:  1993  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-21     Completed Date:  1997-04-21     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507211     Medline TA:  J Ir Dent Assoc     Country:  IRELAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  69-72     Citation Subset:  D    
Department of Anatomy and Bioengineering Research Centre, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.
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MeSH Terms
Accidents, Traffic
Jaw / physiopathology
Temporomandibular Joint / physiopathology
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / etiology*,  physiopathology
Whiplash Injuries / complications*,  physiopathology

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