Document Detail


Which skills really matter? proving face, content, and construct validity for a commercial robotic simulator.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23389060     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: A novel computer simulator is now commercially available for robotic surgery using the da Vinci(®) System (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA). Initial investigations into its utility have been limited due to a lack of understanding of which of the many provided skills modules and metrics are useful for evaluation. In addition, construct validity testing has been done using medical students as a "novice" group-a clinically irrelevant cohort given the complexity of robotic surgery. This study systematically evaluated the simulator's skills tasks and metrics and established face, content, and construct validity using a relevant novice group. METHODS: Expert surgeons deconstructed the task of performing robotic surgery into eight separate skills. The content of the 33 modules provided by the da Vinci Skills Simulator (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA) was then evaluated for these deconstructed skills and 8 of the 33 determined to be unique. These eight tasks were used for evaluating the performance of 46 surgeons and trainees on the simulator (25 novices, 8 intermediate, and 13 experts). Novice surgeons were general surgery and urology residents or practicing surgeons with clinical experience in open and laparoscopic surgery but limited exposure to robotics. Performance was measured using 85 metrics across all eight tasks. RESULTS: Face and content validity were confirmed using global rating scales. Of the 85 metrics provided by the simulator, 11 were found to be unique, and these were used for further analysis. Experts performed significantly better than novices in all eight tasks and for nearly every metric. Intermediates were inconsistently better than novices, with only four tasks showing a significant difference in performance. Intermediate and expert performance did not differ significantly. CONCLUSION: This study systematically determined the important modules and metrics on the da Vinci Skills Simulator and used them to demonstrate face, content, and construct validity with clinically relevant novice, intermediate, and expert groups. These data will be used to develop proficiency-based training programs on the simulator and to investigate predictive validity.
Authors:
Calvin Lyons; David Goldfarb; Stephen L Jones; Niraj Badhiwala; Brian Miles; Richard Link; Brian J Dunkin
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical endoscopy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-2218     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Endosc     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8806653     Medline TA:  Surg Endosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
The Methodist Hospital Department of Surgery, The Methodist Institute for Technology Innovation and Education (MITIE SM), 6550 Fannin Street, Suite 1661A, Houston, TX, 77030, USA, clyons@tmhs.org.
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