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Which should go first during same-day upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy? A randomized prospective study focusing on colonoscopy performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23355152     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Same-day bidirectional endoscopy is commonly performed in clinical practice. However, the optimal sequence of procedures for same-day bidirectional endoscopy has not been established. The purpose of this study was to compare colonoscopy performance and quality between patients who underwent colonoscopy before or after esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). METHODS: A total of 1,103 patients were prospectively randomized into either the EGD-colonoscopy or colonoscopy-EGD sequence groups. Three patients who had incomplete cecal intubation due to structural obstruction were excluded from the analysis. During colonoscopy, colonoscopic parameters including difficult cecal intubation (cecal intubation failure and prolonged insertion), insertion time, and adenoma detection rate were measured. Out of 1,100 patients, 524 patients without sedation completed a questionnaire designed to assess subjective discomfort experienced. RESULTS: The colonoscopy completion rate was 99.5 %, and the rate of difficult cecal intubation was 14.5 %. The time from insertion to reaching the cecum (minutes:seconds, 06:32 ± 04:26 vs. 06:40 ± 04:09, p = 0.649), difficult cecal intubation ratio (76 of 550 vs. 83 of 550, p = 0.593), and colonoscopic adenoma detection rate (29.8 vs. 25.5 %, p = 0.106) did not differ between the groups. On multivariate analysis, difficulty with cecal intubation increased specifically in women, in patients aged 55 years and over, in patients with poor bowel preparation, and in patients who had undergone previous abdominal surgery. Subjective discomfort after EGD was higher in the colonoscopy-EGD sequence group. CONCLUSIONS: The procedural sequence did not affect colonoscopy performance and quality in same-day bidirectional endoscopy, and factors such as old age, female gender, poor bowel preparation, and previous abdominal surgery were confirmed to adversely affect colonoscopy. In addition, the EGD-colonoscopy sequence induced less subjective discomfort during EGD.
Authors:
Ja Sung Choi; Young Hoon Youn; Sang Kil Lee; Jin Yi Choi; Hee Man Kim; Yu Jin Kim; Ki Jun Han; Hyeon Geun Cho; Si Young Song; Jae Hee Cho
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical endoscopy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-2218     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Endosc     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8806653     Medline TA:  Surg Endosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Myongji Hospital, Kwandong University College of Medicine, 697-24 Hwajung-dong, Dukyang-ku, Goyang, 412-270, Republic of Korea.
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