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Which Food Patterns Are Predictors of Obesity in Tehranian Adults?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21652267     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether changes in food patterns over a period of 6 years were related to obesity in Tehranian adults. DESIGN: Data on dietary intake, using the food frequency questionnaire, and anthropometry were obtained in 2 periods of the survey (1999-2001 and 2005-2007). SETTING: Participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred six adults. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Waist circumference, body mass index, and waist-to-hip ratio. ANALYSIS: Food patterns were derived using factor analysis. RESULTS: Three dietary patterns, the healthful (HDP), the western (WDP), and the mix, were identified. Increased WDP score was directly related to change in body mass index (β = .41, R(2) = 0.22, P < .001) among overweight/obese individuals. Alterations in waist circumference was better predicted by increased WDP score (β = .49, R(2) = 0.21, P < .01) than by increased HDP score (β = -.20, R(2) = 0.11, P < .05). Subjects in the higher quartile of increased HDP score had lesser change in waist-to-hip ratio (β = -.77, R(2) = 0.43, P < .01). CONCLUSION: Results of this study indicate that increased adherence to the WDP and decreased adherence to the HDP could contribute to obesity.
Authors:
Firoozeh Hosseini-Esfahani; Seyed-Abolghasem Djazaieri; Parvin Mirmiran; Yadollah Mehrabi; Fereidoun Azizi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition education and behavior     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1708-8259     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101132622     Medline TA:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Society for Nutrition Education. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Obesity Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
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