Document Detail

When variability matters more than meaning: The effect of lexical forms on use of phonemic contrasts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21744949     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
During the first half of the 2nd year of life, infants struggle to use phonemic distinctions in label-object association tasks. Prior experiments have demonstrated that exposure to the phonemes in distinct lexical forms (e.g., /d/ and /t/ in daddy and tiger, respectively) facilitates infants' use of phonemic contrasts but also that they struggle to generalize the use of phonemic contrasts to novel syllabic contexts (Thiessen, 2007; Thiessen & Yee, 2010). Further, in prior research, infants have been provided only with experience in lexical forms that refer to novel objects, while many lexical forms in the natural environment do not have easily identified visual referents. The experiments in this article show that even lexical forms without referents can facilitate use of phonemic contrasts. Additionally, the results indicate that when lexical forms provide infants with enough variability (for example, a consonant followed by multiple different vowels), infants are able to generalize to novel contexts. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved).
Erik D Thiessen
Related Documents :
18784329 - Maternal overnutrition suppresses the phosphorylation of 5'-amp-activated protein kinas...
24429059 - Infant odontogenic myxoma: a specific entity.
8301429 - Delta 4-3-oxosteroid 5 beta-reductase deficiency causing neonatal liver failure and hem...
24931329 - Chronic lung disease of prematurity: long-term respiratory outcome.
1133649 - Hepatic changes in young infants with cystic fibrosis: possible relation to focal bilia...
8386919 - Abnormal expression of glucose-6-phosphatase in preterm infants.
17011319 - Interobserver variability of the 5-minute apgar score.
6169499 - Preliminary analysis of developmental observations in a survey of morbidity in infants.
22348019 - Maternal mental health and its association with infant growth at 6 months in ethnic gro...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental psychology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1939-0599     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0260564     Medline TA:  Dev Psychol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Beyond cumulative risk: Distinguishing harshness and unpredictability as determinants of parenting a...
Next Document:  Infant-mother attachment and children's friendship quality: Maternal mental-state talk as an interve...