Document Detail


When stress happens matters: effects of earthquake timing on stress responsivity in pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11262465     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to assess the effects of the timing of stress during pregnancy on emotional responses and birth outcome. We hypothesized that as pregnancy advanced women would become increasingly resistant to the adverse effects of stress, and so early stress would have more profound effects than later stress. STUDY DESIGN: Forty pregnant women who had experienced an earthquake during pregnancy or shortly afterward were identified. Using regression analyses we determined whether the timing of the earthquake was related to an affective response to this event and to length of gestation. RESULTS: The earthquake was rated as more stressful when it occurred early in pregnancy compared with late in pregnancy, and postpartum ratings were similar to first-trimester ratings (r (quad) =.39; P <.05). Stress experienced early in pregnancy was associated with shorter gestational length (r =.35; P <.05). CONCLUSIONS: As pregnancy advances, women become decreasingly sensitive to the effects of stress. This decrease in vulnerability may reflect increasing protection of the mother and fetus from adverse influences during pregnancy.
Authors:
L M Glynn; P D Wadhwa; C Dunkel-Schetter; A Chicz-Demet; C A Sandman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  184     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-23     Completed Date:  2001-04-26     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  637-42     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, Irvine 92626, USA. lglynn@uci.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone / blood
Disasters*
Female
Gestational Age*
Humans
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications*
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Stress, Psychological / complications*
Time Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD-28413/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
9015-71-8/Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Sep;185(3):779-80   [PMID:  11568820 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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