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When sneezing indicates the cell type.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23193018     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Nasal hyperreactivity is the symptomatic expression of vasomotor rhinitis. This study describes a typical nasal reaction, represented by a "volley of sneezes" found in some patients during nasal endoscopy, and to assess the possible correlation between hyperreactivity and a particular clinical and cytological condition. METHODS: We studied 671 rhinological subjects, 344 male, mean age 35.7 ± 13.76 standard deviation (SD) years. All were submitted to medical histories and clinical and instrumental investigations (skin prick test, nasal endoscopy, and nasal cytology). While performing endoscopy, particular attention was paid to the possible signs of nasal hyperreactivity, in particular "volley of sneezes" both during and immediately after the diagnostic procedure. RESULTS: Out of 671 endoscopies performed, 130 (17.1%) patients presented signs of hyperreactivity during and/or immediately after nasal endoscopy. The ratio of positive vasomotor reaction was 10.6% in the nasal polyposis (NP) group, 19% in the allergic rhinitis (AR) group, 70.6% (p < 0.01) in nonallergic rhinitis with mast cells (NARMA), 76% (p < 0.01) in nonallergic rhinitis with eosinophils and mast cells (NARESMA), and 83% (p < 0.01) in nonallergic rhinitis with eosinophils (NARES). In the AR subjects hyperreactivity was more frequent during the pollen season, compared to the period of absence of pollen (87.5% vs 12%). CONCLUSION: The onset of hyperreactivity (sneezing) can be considered an important "sign" in nasal symptomatology, whose sensitivity and specificity for nonallergic "cellular" rhinitis are 79% and 93%, respectively.
Matteo Gelardi; Nicola Quaranta; Giovanni Passalacqua
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  International forum of allergy & rhinology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2042-6984     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Forum Allergy Rhinol     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101550261     Medline TA:  Int Forum Allergy Rhinol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 ARS-AAOA, LLC.
Section of Otolaryngology, Department of, Neuroscience and Sensory Organs, University of Bari, Bari, Italy.
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