Document Detail

When should phototherapy be stopped? A pilot study comparing two targets of serum bilirubin concentration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19143666     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the outcome of two groups of jaundiced newborns randomized to one of the two targets of total serum bilirubin (TSB) for phototherapy discontinuation. DESIGN: Infants treated with phototherapy were assigned to two groups: in the 'high-threshold' group, phototherapy was interrupted when TSB decreased to >/=1 mg/dL (17 micromol/L) below the limit requiring phototherapy and in the 'low-threshold' group when TSB decreased to >/=3 mg/dL (51 micromol/L) below the same limit. RESULTS: Fifty-two infants were enrolled, 25 in the high- and 27 in the low-threshold group. Phototherapy duration was significantly shorter in the high- than in the low-threshold group (22.3 +/- 13 vs. 27.6 +/- 12 h, respectively, p = 0.03). Length of hospital stay was 84+/-30 h in the high- and 94 +/- 24 h in the low-threshold group (p = 0.05). Additional phototherapy was required in 20% of the high- versus 18% of the low-threshold group (p = 0.58). In the presence of haemolysis or G6PD deficiency, 28% of the infants required re-phototherapy and 8.3% when such factors were absent (p = 0.06). CONCLUSION: Phototherapy duration may be shortened by using higher TSB limits for interruption. When hyperbilirubinaemia is accompanied by risk factors, the infants should be followed for longer periods, since some of them will need re-phototherapy.
Mila Barak; Irit Berger; Shaul Dollberg; Francis B Mimouni; Dror Mandel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  98     ISSN:  1651-2227     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-15     Completed Date:  2009-05-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  Norway    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  277-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neonatology, Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Bilirubin / blood*
Infant, Newborn
Jaundice / therapy*
Phototherapy / standards*
Pilot Projects
Reg. No./Substance:

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