Document Detail


Wheezing after respiratory tract infection in athletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22410699     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Wheezing is a commonly encountered complaint by patients seen in sports medicine practice. Wheezes are a continuous musical sound heard best on expiration and can originate from one or more of several defined anatomical locations in the human airway. While common causes of wheezing include exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, postnasal drip, and asthma, wheezing also follows specific respiratory infections and can persist for months after the onset of symptoms. Abnormal lung physiology following pneumonia can persist for decades. These postinfectious pulmonary changes affect the ability of athletes to return to sports. In addition to history and physical examination, diagnosis may require pulmonary function testing and exercise challenge testing. The cornerstone to management is an accurate diagnosis and using lifestyle and pharmacologic intervention. Return to play should be gradual and allowed only after individuals demonstrate adequate pulmonary capacity to meet the demands of their sport. Providers also should be aware of governing body regulations regarding treatments and required therapeutic use exemptions.
Authors:
Karl B Fields; Thomas J Thekkekandam; Sara Neal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current sports medicine reports     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1537-8918     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Sports Med Rep     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101134380     Medline TA:  Curr Sports Med Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  85-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
1Moses Cone Sports Medicine Fellowship Program, Moses Cone Sports Medicine Center, Greensboro, NC; and 2Moses Cone Family Medicine Residency Program, Greensboro, NC.
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