Document Detail


Wheat bran equivalents based on faecal bulking indices for dietary management of faecal bulk.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11708317     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Wheat bran equivalents for faecal bulking (WBEfb) are defined as the gram quantity of wheat bran that would augment faecal bulk to the same extent as a given quantity of a specified food, and its development as a food datum for the dietary management of distal colonic bulk is discussed in this paper. The WBEfb content of a food is derived from the faecal bulking index (FBI), which is a standardised physiological measure of the relative faecal bulking efficacy of foods on an equal edible weight basis. The FBI is defined as the increment in hydrated faecal matter per gram of a food consumed as a percentage of the increment due to the same weight of reference food (1 mm hard red wheat bran; FBI = 100). The FBI values allow the contribution of hydrated solids to the distal colon to be related to that of any reference of known FBI such as wheat bran, the suitability of which as a reference material is discussed. By expressing the increment in bulk as WBEfb, the relative impact of any quantity of an individual food on faecal bulk may be determined, and the effect of foods in mixed diets approximated by summation. Examples are given of the dietary management of distal colonic bulk using WBEfb, with one cup of wheat bran containing 27.5 g of dietary fibre - about the mean recommended daily fibre intake for adults--used as theoretical adequate daily intake of potential faecal bulk. The FBI and WBEfb are proposed as examples of the types of evidence-based data sets that may complement food composition data in selecting foods for physiological function.
Authors:
J A Monro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0964-7058     ISO Abbreviation:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2001  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-11-15     Completed Date:  2002-03-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9440304     Medline TA:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  242-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Food Industry Science Centre, New Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research Ltd, Palmerston North. monroj@crop.cri.nz
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Colon / physiology*
Constipation / diet therapy,  prevention & control*
Defecation
Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage*,  metabolism*
Feces / chemistry*
Food Analysis
Gastrointestinal Motility
Humans
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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