Document Detail


What's NOT to eat--food adulteration in the context of human biology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22262531     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Food has nutritional and non-nutritional components. The latter are not well-studied despite the fact that food adulteration has been common. Food adulteration may have reached its peak in cities of Western Europe and the US in the 18th and 19th centuries when foods were often purposely contaminated with additives to increase bulk, attractiveness, disguise spoilage, and increase profit. Effective regulation of food began in the late 19th and 20th centuries. Nevertheless, today food recalls for bacterial contamination are common, while pesticides and compounds from manufacturing are detected in many foods. Foods with strong reputations for healthiness, such as salmon, may have sizable contaminant contents. The contaminant content of many foods varies by origin and season. Nearly all commercially raised salmon has higher contaminant levels than wild caught salmon. Opting out of the commercial food distribution system is an option, but the value depends on the habitat in which the food is obtained. Traditionally, the Akwesasne Mohawk Nation has depended on local fish and wildlife for their diet. Now pollution of local waterways has led to the contamination of many local foods, and levels of the contaminant polychlorinated biphenyls in the Akwesasne Mohawk people reflect current or past dietary patterns. Many other communities in nonurban settings are exposed to contaminants through long-trail distribution of contaminants in food, air, and/or water. Human biologists considering nutrition, disease, growth, reproduction, aging, to name a few areas, may consider the non-nutritional components of food as many have the ability to alter physiological functioning.
Authors:
Lawrence M Schell; Mia V Gallo; Katsi Cook
Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-01-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1520-6300     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Hum. Biol.     Publication Date:    2012 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-08     Completed Date:  2012-04-10     Revised Date:  2014-09-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8915029     Medline TA:  Am J Hum Biol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-48     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Animals
Animals, Wild
Breast Feeding*
Canada
Diet
Environmental Exposure
Environmental Pollutants / analysis
Female
Fishes
Food Contamination* / analysis,  legislation & jurisprudence,  statistics & numerical data
History, 18th Century
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Humans
Indians, North American*
Male
Milk, Human / chemistry
Pesticides / analysis*
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / analysis*
Risk Assessment
United States
Water Pollutants, Chemical
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
ES04913/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; ES10904/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; P20 MD003373/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS; P20 MD003373/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS; P20 MD003373-03/MD/NIMHD NIH HHS; R01 ES010904/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; R01 ES010904-05/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Environmental Pollutants; 0/Pesticides; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; DFC2HB4I0K/Polychlorinated Biphenyls
Comments/Corrections

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