Document Detail


What targets for international development policies are appropriate for improving health in Russia?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12135991     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The OECD countries and the United Nations have agreed to co-ordinate their work around a series of International Development Targets. The targets for health are based on improvements in infant, child and maternal mortality. Progress towards these goals will be used to assess the effectiveness of development policies. OBJECTIVES: To assess the potential impact of achievement of the International Development Targets on health in Russia, and to identify possible alternatives that may be more relevant to transition countries. DESIGN: The study covered the population of the Russian Federation from 1995-99. The effects of reducing infant, child and maternal mortality on Russian life expectancy at birth were modelled using construction of life tables. Three scenarios were modelled, reducing rates to those of the best performing regions in Russia, those required to achieve the International Development Targets and current UK rates. The results were compared with the effect on life expectancy at birth of policies to reduce adult mortality in different ways. RESULTS: Achieving the International Development Targets for infant, child and maternal mortality (66.7 and 75% reductions) will contribute very little to improving life expectancy in Russia (0.96 years). In contrast, even a 20% reduction in adult mortality would give rise to an increase in male life expectancy at birth of 1.86 years. CONCLUSION: Targets for health improvement in transition countries such as Russia should take account of adult mortality as well as the indicators contained in the International Development Targets.
Authors:
Karen Lock; Evgueni M Andreev; Vladimir M Shkolnikov; Martin McKee
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health policy and planning     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0268-1080     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Policy Plan     Publication Date:  2002 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-07-23     Completed Date:  2002-10-08     Revised Date:  2009-11-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8610614     Medline TA:  Health Policy Plan     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  257-63     Citation Subset:  H    
Affiliation:
ECOHOST, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Developing Countries
Female
Health Policy*
Health Priorities*
Health Promotion*
Humans
Infant
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn
International Cooperation*
Life Tables
Male
Maternal Mortality*
Russia / epidemiology
United Nations

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Do essential service packages benefit the poor? Preliminary evidence from Bangladesh.
Next Document:  The gender gap in primary health care resource utilization in Central Asia.