Document Detail

What is the optimal clinical technique for measurement of left ventricular volume after myocardial infarction? A comparative study of 3-dimensional echocardiography, single photon emission computed tomography, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16455424     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) volumes have important prognostic implications, but are commonly underestimated. We sought accuracy and reproducibility of LV volume measurement by live 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography (3DE) and TI-201 single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), compared with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: In all, 30 patients (age 62 +/- 9 years, 23 men) underwent LV volume assessment with 3DE, SPECT, and cardiac MRI after myocardial infarction. LV volumes were measured using a semiautomated border detection algorithm for 3DE, gated SPECT software for SPECT, and a 3D display for MRI. Results of 3DE and SPECT volumes were compared with MRI as the standard of reference. RESULTS: The 3DE volumes showed excellent correlation with cardiac MRI (end-diastolic volume [EDV], r = 0.90, P = .001; end-systolic volume [ESV], r = 0.94, P = .001), as did SPECT (EDV, r = 0.89, P = .001; ESV, r = 0.95, P = .001). However, both 3DE and SPECT underestimated LV volumes. The mean MRI EDV was 179 +/- 56 mL compared with 3DE (mean difference, -10 +/- 26 mL, P = .04) and SPECT (mean difference, -58 +/- 28 mL, P < .001). There was a significant difference between SPECT EDV and 3DE (mean difference, -48 +/- 31 mL, P < .001). The mean MRI ESV was 96 +/- 54 mL and this was underestimated by SPECT (mean difference, -22 +/- 19 mL, P < .001), but not by 3DE (mean difference, -0.9 +/- 19 mL, P = not significant). ESV was also underestimated when SPECT was compared with 3DE (mean difference, -22 +/- 27 mL, P < .001). The results of 3DE were reproducible with excellent intraobserver (ESV, r = 0.98, -2 +/- 6 mL; EDV, r = 0.98, -1 +/- 6 mL, P = .001) and interobserver (ESV, r = 0.97, -2 +/- 6 mL; EDV, r = 0.95, -3 +/- 10 mL, P = .001) correlation. CONCLUSION: We have shown that 3DE is accurate and reproducible for the measurement of LV volumes for risk assessment in chronic ischemic heart disease and dilated cardiomyopathy. Furthermore, 3DE is more accurate than TI-201 SPECT with less underestimation of LV volumes.
Jonathan Chan; Carly Jenkins; Frederick Khafagi; Leanne Du; Thomas H Marwick
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1097-6795     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-03     Completed Date:  2006-04-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  192-201     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods*
Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / complications,  diagnosis*
Observer Variation
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon / methods*
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / diagnosis*,  etiology

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