Document Detail

What helminth genomes have taught us about parasite evolution.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25482650     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
SUMMARY The genomes of more than 20 helminths have now been sequenced. Here we perform a meta-analysis of all sequenced genomes of nematodes and Platyhelminthes, and attempt to address the question of what are the defining characteristics of helminth genomes. We find that parasitic worms lack systems for surface antigenic variation, instead maintaining infections using their surfaces as the first line of defence against the host immune system, with several expanded gene families of genes associated with the surface and tegument. Parasite excretory/secretory products evolve rapidly, and proteases even more so, with each parasite exhibiting unique modifications of its protease repertoire. Endoparasitic flatworms show striking losses of metabolic capabilities, not matched by nematodes. All helminths do however exhibit an overall reduction in auxiliary metabolism (biogenesis of co-factors and vitamins). Overall, the prevailing pattern is that there are few commonalities between the genomes of independently evolved parasitic worms, with each parasite having undergone specific adaptations for their particular niche.
Magdalena Zarowiecki; Matt Berriman
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Parasitology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1469-8161     ISO Abbreviation:  Parasitology     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-9    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401121     Medline TA:  Parasitology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-13     Citation Subset:  -    
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