Document Detail


What contributed to the major decline in per capita cigarette consumption during California's comprehensive tobacco control programme?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16885580     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: California experienced a notable decline in per capita cigarette consumption during its comprehensive tobacco control programme. This study examines what proportion of the decline occurred from: (1) fewer ever smokers in the population, (2) more ever smokers quitting, and (3) current smokers smoking less.
DESIGN, SUBJECTS: Per capita cigarette consumption computed from cigarette sales and from adult respondents to the large, cross-sectional, population-based California Tobacco Surveys of 1990 (n = 24,296), 1996 (n = 18,616) and 2002 (n = 20,525) were examined for similar trends.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Changes (period 1: 1990-1996; period 2: 1996-2002) in per capita cigarette consumption from self-reported survey data were partitioned for the entire population and for demographic subgroups into the three components mentioned above.
RESULTS: In periods 1 and 2, most of the decline in per capita cigarette consumption for the population as a whole was from current smokers smoking less followed by a reduction in ever smokers. The decline from smokers smoking less was particularly evident among young adults (18-29 years) in period 1. While the portion of the decline due to quitting in the entire population in period 1 was negligible, in period 2 it accounted for 22% of the total per capita decline. The decline from quitting in period 2 was mostly observed among women.
CONCLUSIONS: Rather than near-term benefits from smokers quitting, population health benefits from reduced per capita cigarette consumption will likely occur over the longer term from fewer people becoming ever smokers, and more less-addicted smokers eventually quitting successfully.
Authors:
Elizabeth A Gilpin; Karen Messer; Martha M White; John P Pierce
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tobacco control     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1468-3318     ISO Abbreviation:  Tob Control     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-03     Completed Date:  2007-03-22     Revised Date:  2013-07-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9209612     Medline TA:  Tob Control     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  308-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Moores UCSD Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0901, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
California / epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Health Promotion / legislation & jurisprudence
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Program Evaluation*
Smoking / epidemiology*,  legislation & jurisprudence
Smoking Cessation / legislation & jurisprudence
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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