Document Detail


What are infant siblings teaching us about autism in infancy?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19582867     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
International research to understand infant patterns of development in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) has recently focused on a research paradigm involving prospective longitudinal studies of infant siblings of children with autism. Such designs use a comparison group of infant siblings without any familial risks (the low-risk group) to gather longitudinal information about developmental skills across the first 3 years of life, followed by clinical diagnosis of ASD at 36 months. This review focuses on five topics: presence of ASD in the infant sibling groups, patterns and characteristics of motor development, patterns and characteristics of social and emotional development, patterns and characteristics of intentional communication, both verbal and nonverbal, and patterns that mark the onset of behaviors pathognomonic for ASD. Symptoms in all these areas typically begin to be detected during the age period of 12-24 months in infants who will develop autism. Onset of the symptoms occurs at varying ages and in varying patterns, but the pattern of frank loss of skills and marked regression reported from previous retrospective studies in 20-30% of children is seldom reported in these infant sibling prospective studies. Two surprises involve the very early onset of repetitive and unusual sensory behaviors, and the lack of predictive symptoms at the age of 6 months. Contrary to current views that autism is a disorder that profoundly affects social development from the earliest months of life, the data from these studies presents a picture of autism as a disorder involving symptoms across multiple domains with a gradual onset that changes both ongoing developmental rate and established behavioral patterns across the first 2-3 years of life.
Authors:
Sally J Rogers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Autism research : official journal of the International Society for Autism Research     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1939-3806     ISO Abbreviation:  Autism Res     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-22     Completed Date:  2009-11-23     Revised Date:  2014-09-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101461858     Medline TA:  Autism Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  125-37     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age of Onset
Attention
Autistic Disorder* / epidemiology
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Phenotype
Psychomotor Disorders / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Siblings*
Stereotypic Movement Disorder / epidemiology
Visual Perception
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MH068398/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH068398/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH068398-07/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH081757/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH081757/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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