|What are the causes of revision total knee arthroplasty in Japan?|
|PMID: 23385774 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE|
|BACKGROUND: There is limited information regarding the cause of revision TKA in Asia, especially Japan. Owing to differences in patient backgrounds and lifestyles, the modes of TKA failures in Asia may differ from those in Western countries.
QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore determined (1) causes of revision TKA in a cohort of Japanese patients with revision TKA and (2) whether patient demographic features and underlying diagnosis of primary TKA are associated with the causes of revision TKA.
METHODS: We assessed all revision TKA procedures performed at five major centers in Hokkaido from 2006 to 2011 for the causes of failures. Demographic data and underlying diagnosis for index primary TKA of the revision cases were compared to those of randomly selected primary TKAs during the same period.
RESULTS: One hundred forty revision TKAs and 4047 primary TKAs were performed at the five centers, indicating a revision burden of 3.3%. The most common cause of revision TKA was mechanical loosening (40%) followed by infection (24%), wear/osteolysis (9%), instability (9%), implant failure (6%), periprosthetic fracture (4%), and other reasons (8%). The mean age of patients with periprosthetic fracture was older (77 versus 72 years) and the male proportion in patients with infection was higher (33% versus 19%) than those of patients in the primary TKA group. There was no difference in BMI between primary TKAs and any type of revision TKA except other causes.
CONCLUSIONS: The revision burden at the five referral centers in Hokkaido was 3.3%, and the most common cause of revision TKA was mechanical loosening followed by infection. Demographic data such as age and sex might be associated with particular causes of revision TKA.
|Yasuhiko Kasahara; Tokifumi Majima; Shoichi Kimura; Osamu Nishiike; Jun Uchida|
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|Type: Journal Article; Multicenter Study|
|Title: Clinical orthopaedics and related research Volume: 471 ISSN: 1528-1132 ISO Abbreviation: Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. Publication Date: 2013 May|
|Created Date: 2013-04-02 Completed Date: 2013-05-22 Revised Date: 2014-05-07|
Medline Journal Info:
|Nlm Unique ID: 0075674 Medline TA: Clin Orthop Relat Res Country: United States|
|Languages: eng Pagination: 1533-8 Citation Subset: AIM; IM|
|APA/MLA Format Download EndNote Download BibTex|
Aged, 80 and over
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee / adverse effects*, instrumentation*
Asian Continental Ancestry Group*
Fractures, Bone / ethnology, surgery
Japan / epidemiology
Knee Joint / physiopathology, radiography, surgery*
Life Style / ethnology
Osteolysis / ethnology, surgery
Postoperative Complications / ethnology, surgery*
Prosthesis-Related Infections / ethnology, surgery
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine
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