Document Detail

Whakama: culturally determined behaviour in the New Zealand Maori.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2356267     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Whakama is a psychosocial and behavioural construct in the New Zealand Maori which does not have any exact equivalent in Western societies although shame, self-abasement, feeling inferior, inadequate and with self-doubt, shyness, excessive modesty and withdrawal describe some aspects of the concept. It is an important construct in order to understand the interaction of the Maori with each other and with the Caucasian New Zealander, the behaviour of the Maori in cross-cultural settings, and the clinical presentations of some Maori patients. This paper examines some of the meanings of whakama, its various behavioural manifestations and its possible causes. The clinical relevance to psychiatry is emphasized.
P S Sachdev
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological medicine     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0033-2917     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Med     Publication Date:  1990 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-07-25     Completed Date:  1990-07-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254142     Medline TA:  Psychol Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  433-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Neuropsychiatric Institute, Prince Henry Hospital, NSW, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological
Cross-Cultural Comparison*
Ethnic Groups / psychology*
Medicine, Traditional*
New Zealand
Self Concept*
Social Environment
Social Isolation*

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