Document Detail


Wettability of a polytetrafluoroethylene surface by an aqueous solution of two nonionic surfactant mixtures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17636997     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Measurements of the advancing contact angle (theta) were carried out for an aqueous solution of p-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenoxypoly(ethylene glycol)s (Triton X-100 (TX100) and Triton X-165 (TX165) mixtures) on polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). The obtained results indicate that the wettability of PTFE depends on the concentration and composition of the surfactant mixture. The minimum of the dependence between the contact angle and composition of the mixtures for PTFE for each concentration at a monomer mole fraction of TX100, alpha = 0.8, points to synergism in the wettability of PTFE. This effect was confirmed by the negative values of interaction parameters calculated on the basis of the contact angle and by the Rosen approach. In contrast to Zisman, there was no linear dependence between cos theta and the surface tension of an aqueous solution of TX100 and TX165 mixtures for all studied systems, but a linear dependence existed between the adhesional tension and surface tension for PTFE over the whole concentration range, the slope of which was -1, indicating that the surface excess of the surfactant concentration at the PTFE-solution interface was the same as that at the solution-air interface for a given bulk concentration. Similar values of monomer mole fractions of the surfactants at water-air and PTFE-water interfaces calculated on the basis of the surface tension and contact angles showed that adsorption at these two interfaces was the same. It was also found that the work of adhesion of an aqueous solution of surfactants to the PTFE surface did not depend on the type of surfactant and its concentration. This means that for the studied systems the interaction across the PTFE-solution interface was constant and was largely of Lifshitz-van der Waals type. On the basis of the surface tension of PTFE, the Young equation, and the thermodynamic analysis of the adhesion work of an aqueous solution of surfactant to the polymer surface, it was found that in the case of PTFE the changes in the contact angle as a function of the mixture concentration of two nonionic surfactants resulted only from changes in the polar component of the solution surface tension.
Authors:
Katarzyna Szymczyk; Bronisław Jańczuk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-07-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0743-7463     ISO Abbreviation:  Langmuir     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-08     Completed Date:  2007-09-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9882736     Medline TA:  Langmuir     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  8740-6     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Interfacial Phenomena, Faculty of Chemistry, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Maria Curie-Skłodowska Sq. 3, 20-031 Lublin, Poland.
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