Document Detail


Wet deposition of polychlorinated biphenyls in the eastern Mediterranean.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15224729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in rain samples collected from a semiurban and a marine background site of the eastern Mediterranean. The concentration of sigmaPCB (sum of 54 PCB congeners) in the city of Heraklion (2.9 +/- 1.9 ng L(-1)) was not significantly higher than the corresponding concentration measured at the background sampling station of Finokalia (1.9 +/- 0.9 ng L(-1)). In both sites, the sum of tri- and tetrachlorinated congeners accounted for more than 55% of sigmaPCB in rainwater. For all samples, the percentage of particle-bound PCBs ranged between 6.6% and 63.8%, providing an average value of 31 +/- 18%. The washout ratios of particulate PCBs (WP) were constant for individual congeners regardless the degree of chlorination. Average WP values ranged between 1.9 x 10(5) and 5.2 x 10(5) while a value of 2.7(+/- 1.3) x 10(5) was deduced for sigmaPCB. The corresponding washout ratios for gaseous PCBs were substantially lower and ranged between 7 x 10(3) (PCB 99) and 1.3 x 10(5) (PCB 180). Washout ratios of gaseous PCBs were also calculated based on Henry's law, and they were found to be 30-920 times lower than those obtained from field measurements. On the basis of our data, the wet deposition flux of sigmaPCB in the eastern Mediterranean should approach 820 ng m(-2) yr(-1). This flux is similar with the values recently reported for several background sites of the United States and Europe, but it is 1 order of magnitude lower than the flux of PCBs measured in the western Mediterranean 16 yr ago.
Authors:
Manolis Mandalakis; Euripides G Stephanou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-06-30     Completed Date:  2004-10-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3011-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Environmental Chemical Processes Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Crete, GR-71409 Heraklion, Greece.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Environmental Monitoring
Mediterranean Region
Models, Chemical*
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / analysis*
Rain*
Reference Values
Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Polychlorinated Biphenyls; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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