Document Detail


West Nile virus activity--United States, 2006.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17557072     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
West Nile virus (WNV) is the leading cause of arboviral encephalitis in the United States. Originally discovered in Africa in 1937, WNV was first detected in the western hemisphere in 1999 in New York City. Since then, WNV has caused seasonal epidemics of febrile illness and severe neurologic disease in the United States. This report summarizes provisional WNV surveillance data for 2006 reported to CDC as of April 3, 2007. During 2006, WNV transmission to humans or animals expanded into 52 counties that had not previously reported transmission and recurred in 1,350 counties where transmission had been reported in previous years. In addition, 1,491 cases of WNV neuroinvasive disease (WNND) were reported in the United States during this period, amounting to a 14% increase from 2005 and the largest number reported since 2003. On the basis of extrapolations from past serosurveys, an estimated 41,750 cases of non-neuroinvasive WNV disease occurred in 2006; of these cases, 2,770 were reported. These findings highlight the need for ongoing surveillance, mosquito control, promotion of personal protection from mosquito bites, and research into additional prevention strategies.
Authors:
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report     Volume:  56     ISSN:  1545-861X     ISO Abbreviation:  MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep.     Publication Date:  2007 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-06-08     Completed Date:  2007-06-13     Revised Date:  2008-02-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802429     Medline TA:  MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  556-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Animals
Bird Diseases / epidemiology
Birds / virology
Child
Child, Preschool
Culicidae / virology
Disease Outbreaks
Horse Diseases / epidemiology
Horses / virology
Humans
Middle Aged
United States / epidemiology
West Nile Fever / epidemiology*,  veterinary
West Nile virus* / isolation & purification

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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