Document Detail


Weight change and the risk of gestational diabetes in obese women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15475723     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Obesity is an established risk factor for gestational diabetes. It is not known whether this risk might be reduced through weight loss between pregnancies. We sought to determine whether weight loss between pregnancies reduced the risk of gestational diabetes among obese women. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study of 4102 women with 2 or more singleton live births in Washington State between 1992 and 1998. All subjects were nondiabetic and obese (at least 200 lbs) at their first birth during these years. Weight change was calculated as the difference between prepregnancy weight for the 2 pregnancies. We estimated relative risks of gestational diabetes at the subsequent delivery through stratified analyses and Mantel-Haenszel estimates. RESULTS: Thirty-two percent of women lost weight between pregnancies, with a mean weight loss of 23 lbs. Women who lost at least 10 lbs between pregnancies had a decreased risk of gestational diabetes relative to women whose weight changed by less than 10 lbs (relative risk = 0.63; 95% confidence interval = 0.38-1.02, adjusted for age and weight gain during each pregnancy). Of the 61% of women who gained weight between pregnancies, the mean weight gain was 22 lbs. Women who gained at least 10 lbs had an increased risk of gestational diabetes (1.47; 1.05-2.04). CONCLUSIONS: Even moderate changes in prepregnancy weight can apparently affect the risk of gestational diabetes among obese women. This may offer further motivation for interventions aimed at reducing obesity among women of reproductive age.
Authors:
Nicole L Glazer; Audrey F Hendrickson; Gina D Schellenbaum; Beth A Mueller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.)     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1044-3983     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemiology     Publication Date:  2004 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-11     Completed Date:  2005-04-18     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9009644     Medline TA:  Epidemiology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  733-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Washington, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, Seattle, Washington, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cohort Studies
Diabetes, Gestational / epidemiology,  ethnology,  etiology*
Female
Humans
Obesity / complications*,  epidemiology
Pregnancy
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Washington / epidemiology
Weight Loss / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
T32 HL007902/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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