Document Detail


MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8064369     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In Pelotas, Brazil, 400 newborns from low income families were followed-up until 26 wk of life to study the relationship between their feeding patterns and growth as modified by access to water and by diarrhea. Effects of access to water were the strongest among non-breastfed infants. In houses without indoor water taps, the weight gain of non-breastfed infants during the first 3 mo was approximately half that of partially or predominantly breastfed infants (P < 0.001). In houses with indoor water taps, non-breastfed infants' growth was similar to or exceeded that of predominantly breastfed infants from 2 mo. Predominantly breastfed infants' growth was similar in houses with and without water taps. Breastfed infants had less weight loss per day of diarrhea than non-breastfed infants during the first 4 mo and less diarrhea through 6 mo of life, particularly in houses without taps, in which diarrhea was most prevalent. The existence of a "weanling's dilemma" was approached by comparing the duration of the detrimental effects of not breastfeeding (i.e., 0-3 mo in this study) with the age at which breast milk alone becomes less than optimal for growth (i.e., at 5 mo). Because these two points did not coincide, we conclude that there is no "weaning's dilemma" in this population.
Authors:
J C Martines; J P Habicht; A Ashworth; B R Kirkwood
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  124     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1994 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-09-19     Completed Date:  1994-09-19     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1189-98     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
Affiliation:
Diarrhoeal Disease Control Programme, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Brazil
Breast Feeding*
Diarrhea, Infantile / physiopathology
Drinking*
Humans
Infant
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Nutritional Requirements
Water Supply
Weaning*
Weight Gain

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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