Document Detail


[Weaning from mechanical ventilation in patients with exacerbations of chronic respiratory insufficiency--personal experience].
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8520551     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Nineteen patients with exacerbation of chronic respiratory insufficiency treated with mechanical ventilation were included in the study. The mean weaning time from the respirator was 15.9 days (+/- 12.1), ranging from 2 to 49 days. Success was met in 9 patients using inspiratory pressure support (IPS), in 2 synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV), in 8 the simplest model (stepwise prolongation of spontaneous ventilation during continuous mechanical ventilation--CMV/SV). All options were used in the same patients throughout the weaning procedure. The use of IPS led to a successful weaning in those patients in whom other options (CMV/SV, SIMV) were not fortunate. The application of IPS was begun at 40 cm H2O, gradually decreasing the support pressure. The duration of spontaneous breathing in all weaning options was not only depended on gasometric values, continuous SaO2 monitoring, but mainly on the patients' subjective sense of fatigue. The impression of exhaustion preceded the changes of gasometric parameters and fall of SaO2. The basis of effective weaning is proper selection of respirator parameters, providing almost identical gasometric values if individual patient's to those prior exacerbation of chronic respiratory insufficiency. The duration of weaning negatively correlated (0.25) with FEV1 values.
Authors:
W Tomkowski; J Burakowski; P Kołb; S Filipecki
Publication Detail:
Type:  English Abstract; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pneumonologia i alergologia polska     Volume:  63     ISSN:  0867-7077     ISO Abbreviation:  Pneumonol Alergol Pol     Publication Date:  1995  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-01-24     Completed Date:  1996-01-24     Revised Date:  2012-06-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9302892     Medline TA:  Pneumonol Alergol Pol     Country:  POLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  pol     Pagination:  366-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Kliniki Chorób Wewnetrznych, Warszawie.
Vernacular Title:
Odzwyczajanie od sztucznej wentylacji chorych z zaostrzeniem przewlekłej niewydolności oddechowej--doświadczenia własne.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Fatigue / physiopathology
Female
Forced Expiratory Volume
Humans
Intermittent Positive-Pressure Ventilation
Male
Middle Aged
Monitoring, Physiologic
Respiratory Insufficiency / therapy*
Ventilator Weaning / methods*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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