Document Detail


Weak, physiologically patterned magnetic fields do not affect maze performance in normal rats, but disrupt seized rats normalized with ketamine: possible support for a neuromatrix concept?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16388988     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The concept of a neuromatrix as a determinant of behavior proposes that complex neuroelectromagnetic patterns supported by specific spatial configurations of neurons underlie the generation of behaviors. When the pattern of neuronal connectivity is changed, as occurs during limbic epilepsy, neuroelectromagnetic patterns change in parallel to sustain behavioral output. Thus, a testable prediction of the neuromatrix concept is that the "normal" behaviors of animals with markedly reorganized neuroelectromagnetic patterns are vulnerable to specific stimuli that are ineffective when applied to a normal population. Because rats treated with ketamine after being induced to seize with pilocarpine exhibit behaviors indistinguishable from those of control populations despite marked changes in brain structure, they represent an ideal population in which to examine this hypothesis. Ketamine-treated pilocarpine-seized rats and normal rats were exposed continuously either to a complex sequence magnetic field or to control conditions during the acquisition of a radial arm maze task for 8 consecutive days. After 14 days of subsequent exposure to a frequency-modulated field (7-500 nT), during which time there was no training, the rats that had been induced to seize and had been exposed continuously to this magnetic configuration exhibited conspicuously slower response durations per arm than rats that had been induced to seize and exposed to control conditions or normal rats that had been exposed to either magnetic fields or control conditions. Thus, the behaviors of rats who have sustained multiple, discrete injuries throughout the brain may be seriously disrupted by the appropriate pattern of exogenous weak magnetic fields. Our results represent the first empirical support for the concept of the neuromatrix.
Authors:
B E McKay; M A Persinger
Related Documents :
14714088 - Activity of cell immune response and open field behavior in wistar and oxys rats.
9460168 - Maternal consumption of lake ontario salmon in rats produces behavioral changes in the ...
4857788 - Modulation of the copulatory sequence of the male rat by a schedule of reinforcement.
493178 - Some behavioral effects of histamine h1-, and h2-receptor agonists in rats.
8773918 - Alpha-interferon prevents liver collagen deposition and damage induced by prolonged bil...
21812748 - Pathology of 2-alkyl and 2-hydroxy naphthoquinone toxicity in rats.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-01-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epilepsy & behavior : E&B     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1525-5050     ISO Abbreviation:  Epilepsy Behav     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-20     Completed Date:  2006-03-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100892858     Medline TA:  Epilepsy Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  137-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Behavioral Neuroscience Laboratory, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ont., Canada P3E 2C6.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analgesics / pharmacology
Animals
Behavior, Animal / drug effects,  physiology*
Brain / drug effects,  physiopathology*
Disease Models, Animal
Electromagnetic Fields*
Ketamine / pharmacology
Male
Maze Learning / drug effects,  physiology*
Memory / drug effects,  physiology*
Pilocarpine
Rats
Rats, Wistar
Seizures / chemically induced,  physiopathology,  psychology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Analgesics; 6740-88-1/Ketamine; 92-13-7/Pilocarpine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Pharmacological outcomes in older people with newly diagnosed epilepsy.
Next Document:  A new method of evaluating antitumor activity from measured tumor volumes.