Document Detail

Wave propagation in coupled left ventricle-arterial system. Implications for aortic pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8621200     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of wave propagation properties (global reflection coefficient gamma IG; pulse wave velocity, c(ph); and characteristic impedance zeta(o) on the mechanical performance of the coupled left ventricle-arterial system. Specifically, we sought to quantify effects on aortic pressure (P(ao)) and flow Q(ao) while keeping constant other determinants of P(ao) and Q(ao) (left ventricular end-diastolic volume, V(ed), and contractility, heart rate, and peripheral resistance, R(s)). Isolated rabbit hearts were subjected to real-time, computer-controlled physiological loading. The arterial circulation was modeled with a lossless tube terminating in a complex load. The loading system allowed for precise and independent control of all arterial properties as evidenced by accurate reproduction of desired input impedances and computed left ventricular volume changes. While propagation phenomena affected P(ao) and Q(ao) morphologies as expected, their effects on absolute P(ao) values were often contrary to the current understanding. Diastolic (Pd) and mean (Pm) P(ao) and stroke volume decrease monotonically with increases in gamma G, c(ph), or zeta(o) over wide ranges. In contrast, these increase had variable effects on peak systolic P(ao) (Ps): decreasing with gamma G, biphasic with c(ph), and increasing with zeta(o). There was an interaction between gamma G and c(ph) such that gamma G effects on P(m) and P(d) were augmented a higher C(ph) and vice versa. Despite large changes in system parameters, effects on Pm and Ps were modest ( < 10% and < 5%, respectively); effects on Pd were always two to four times greater. Similar results were obtained when the single-tube model of the arterial system was replaced by an asymmetrical T-tube configuration. Our data do not support the prevailing hypothesis that P(s) (and therefore ventricular load) can be selectively and significantly altered by manipulating gamma G, c(ph), and/or zeta o.
D S Berger; K A Robinson; S G Shroff
Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hypertension     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0194-911X     ISO Abbreviation:  Hypertension     Publication Date:  1996 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-06-14     Completed Date:  1996-06-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906255     Medline TA:  Hypertension     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1079-89     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Ill, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aorta / physiology*
Arteries / physiology*
Blood Pressure*
Models, Cardiovascular
Ventricular Function, Left*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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